HomelessnessPeople living on the street, the homeless people, beggars: all synonymous in the minds of many.
Except that you can beg and have a shelter. Or be without a home for a certain time, but not have to beg because you have some support—it’s just a matter of repositioning yourself, an “in-between" as they say. Or maybe you live in your car. Or you live in flimsy, makeshift settlements because of the housing conditions in your country.
There are also the "hidden" homeless, invisible to statistics because they found safe harbor with friends or in overcrowded and unrecorded housing.
Sometimes entire populations are forced to migrate because of natural disasters, wars and an economic crisis. Many of these migrants then live in refugee camps, others try their luck abroad. Even then, their situation remains difficult.
UNESCO argues that the problem of homelessness, or that of housing insecurity, is on the rise worldwide, affecting one billion people.
Rich countries are not exempt from it. For example, the number of homeless people in Western Europe has reached a record level unseen since the end of World War II. In the United States, in the state of Florida, almost a third of families are reported now homeless as a result of the economic crisis.The topic is vast. Examples are more widespread and more complex than they seem at first. In this dossier, we will look into some aspects of this matter, both in developed and developing countries.